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Wilderness Survival: Shelters – Types of Shelters

May 9, 2013

Wilderness Survival: Shelters – Types of Shelters.

When looking for a shelter site, keep in mind the type of shelter (protection) you need. However, you must also consider–

  1. How much time and effort you need to build the shelter.
  2. If the shelter will adequately protect you from the elements (sun, wind, rain, snow).
  3. If you have the tools to build it. If not, can you make improvised tools?
  4. If you have the type and amount of materials needed to build it.

To answer these questions, you need to know how to make various types of shelters and what materials you need to make them.

Poncho Lean-To

It takes only a short time and minimal equipment to build this lean-to (Figure 5-1). You need a poncho, 2 to 3 meters of rope or parachute suspension line, three stakes about 30 centimeters long, and two trees or two poles 2 to 3 meters apart. Before selecting the trees you will use or the location of your poles, check the wind direction. Ensure that the back of your lean-to will be into the wind.

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